Water-ingress accident, caused by the steam generator heating tube rupture of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor, will introduce a positive reactivity to lead the nuclear power increase rapidly, as well as the chemical reaction of graphite fuel elements and reflector structure material with steam. Increase of the primary circuit pressure may result in the opening of the safety valve, which will cause the release of radioactive isotopes and flammable water gas. The analysis of such an important and particular accident is significant for verifying the inherent safety characteristics of the pebble-bed modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor. Based on the preliminary design of the 250MW Pebble-bed Modular High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTR-PM), the design basis accident of double-ended guillotine break of a heating tube has been analyzed by using TINTE, which is a special transient analysis program for high temperature gas-cooled reactors. Some safety relevant concerns, such as the fuel temperature and primary loop pressure, the graphite corrosion inventory, the water gas releasing amount, as well as the natural convection influence under the condition of the failure of the blower flaps shut down, have been studied in detail. The calculation result of the design basis accident indicates that, the maximal possible water ingress amount is less than 600 kg and the maximal fuel temperature keeps far below the design limitation of 1620°C. The result also shows that the slight amount of graphite corrosion will not damage the reactor structure and the fuel element, and there is no potential explosive risk caused by the opening of the safety valve.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Water-Ingress Accident of the 250MW Pebble-Bed Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor
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Yanhua, Z, & Lei, S. "Water-Ingress Accident of the 250MW Pebble-Bed Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor." Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Structural Integrity; Safety and Security; Advanced Applications of Nuclear Technology; Balance of Plant for Nuclear Applications. Brussels, Belgium. July 12–16, 2009. pp. 331-339. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE17-75078
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