There is an ever-increasing use of three-dimensional finite element models in the field of structural analysis to simulate structural response of complex geometries. Although these models are effective in simulating gross structural behavior, they are oftentimes not able to include sufficient detail to simulate small structural details where stress concentrations can occur. To overcome this limitation, sub-models can be used to calculate stresses in areas of peak stress. This paper discusses the process involved in calculating peak stresses in bolt head-to-shank interfaces using sub-modeling methods.

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