The Japan Atomic Power Company has initiative in developing the DMS concept as a 400MWe-class light water reactor. The main features of the DMS relative to overcoming the scale demerit are the miniaturization and simplification of systems and equipment, integrated modulation of construction, standardization of equipment layouts and effective use of proven technology. The decrease in primary containment vessel (PCV) height is achieved by reducing the active fuel length of the DMS core, which is about two meters compared with 3.7 meters in the conventional BWR. The short active fuel length reduces the drop in core pressure, and overcomes the natural circulation system. And by using the lower steam velocity in the upper plenum in the reactor pressure vessel (RPV), we can adopt a free surface separation (FSS) system. The FSS eliminates the need for a separator and thus helps minimize the RPV and PCV sizes. In order to improve safety efficiency, developing an Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) for the DMS was considered. The ECCS configuration in the DMS was examined to achieve core coverage and economic efficiency from the following. 1: Eliminating high-pressure injection systems. 2: Adopting passive safety-related systems. 3: Optimizing distribution for the systems and power source for the ECCS. In this way the configuration of the ECCS for the DMS was established, providing the same level of safety as the ABWR and the passive systems. Based on the results of Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) analysis, core cover can be achieved by this configuration. Therefore, the plant concept was found to offer both economic efficiency and safety.

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