Tension metastable fluid states offer unique potential for leap-ahead advancements in radiation detection. Such metastable fluid states can be attained using tailored resonant acoustics to result in acoustic tension metastable fluid detection (ATMFD) systems. ATMFD systems are under development at Purdue University. Radiation detection in ATMFD systems is based on the principle that incident nuclear particles interact with the dynamically tensioned fluid wherein the intermolecular bonds are sufficiently weakened such that even fundamental particles can be detected over eight orders of magnitude in energy with intrinsic efficiencies far above conventional detection systems. In the case of neutron-nuclei interactions the ionized recoil nucleus ejected from the target atom locally deposits its energy, effectively seeding the formation of vapor nuclei that grow from the sub-nano scale to visible scales such that it becomes possible to record the rate and timing of incoming radiation (neutrons, alphas, and photons). Nuclei form preferentially in the direction of incoming radiation. Imploding nuclei then result in shock waves that are readily possible to not only directly hear but also to monitor electronically at various points of the detector using time difference of arrival (TDOA) methods. In conjunction with hyperbolic positioning, the convolution of the resulting spatio-temporal information provides not just the evidence of rate of incident neutron radiation but also on directionality — a unique development in the field of radiation detection. The development of superior intrinsic-efficiency, low-cost, and rugged, ATMFD systems is being accomplished using a judicious combination of experimentation-cum-theoretical modeling. Modeling methodologies include Monte-Carlo based nuclear particle transport using MCNP5, and also complex multi-dimensional electromagneticcum-fluid-structural assessments with COMSOL’s Multi-physics simulation platform. Benchmarking and qualification studies have been conducted with Pu-based neutron-gamma sources with encouraging results. This paper summarizes the modeling-cum-experimental framework along with experimental evidence for the leap-ahead potential of the ATMFD system for transformation impact on the world of radiation detection.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Towards Leap-Ahead Advances in Radiation Detection
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Lapinskas, JR, Archambault, BC, Wang, J, Webster, JA, & Zielinski, S. "Towards Leap-Ahead Advances in Radiation Detection." Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Fuel Cycle and High Level Waste Management; Computational Fluid Dynamics, Neutronics Methods and Coupled Codes; Student Paper Competition. Orlando, Florida, USA. May 11–15, 2008. pp. 823-829. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE16-48474
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