For the safety design of the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR), it is strongly required that the post accident heat removal (PAHR) is achieved after a postulated core disruptive accident (CDA). In the PAHR, it is important that the molten core material is solidified in sodium coolant which has high boiling point. Thus it is necessary to estimate the jet breakup length which is the distance that the molten core material is solidified in sodium coolant. In the previous studies (Abe et al., 2006), it is observed that the jet is broken up with fragmenting in water coolant by using simulated core material. It is pointed out that the jet breakup behavior is significantly influenced by the fragmentation behavior on the molten material jet surface in the coolant. However, the relation between the jet breakup behavior and fragmentation on the jet surface during a CDA for a FBR is not elucidated in detail yet. The objective of the present study is to elucidate the influence of the internal flow in the jet and fragmentation behavior on the jet breakup behavior. The Fluorinert™ (FC-3283) which is heavier than water and is transparent fluid is used as the simulant material of the core material. It is injected into the water as the coolant. The jet breakup behavior of the Fluorinert™ is observed by high speed camera to obtain the fragmentation behavior on the molten material jet surface in coolant in detail. To be cleared the effect of the internal flow of jet and the surrounding flow structure on the fragmentation behavior, the velocity distribution of internal flow of the jet is measured by PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) technique with high speed camera. From the obtained images, unstable interfacial wave is confirmed at upstream of the jet surface, and the wave grows along the jet-water surface in the flow direction. The fragments are torn apart at the end of developed wave. By using PIV analysis, the velocity at the center of the jet is fast and it suddenly decreases near the jet surface. This means that the shear force acts on the jet and water surface. From the results of experiment, the correlation between the interfacial behavior of the jet and the generation process of fragments are discussed. In addition, the influence of surface instability of the jet induced by the relative velocity between Fluorinert™ and coolant water on the breakup behavior is also discussed.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Visual Observation of Fragmentation Behavior on Molten Material Jet Surface in Coolant
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Uchiyama, Y, Abe, Y, Fujiwara, A, Nariai, H, Matsuo, E, Chitose, K, Koyama, K, & Itoh, K. "Visual Observation of Fragmentation Behavior on Molten Material Jet Surface in Coolant." Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Fuel Cycle and High Level Waste Management; Computational Fluid Dynamics, Neutronics Methods and Coupled Codes; Student Paper Competition. Orlando, Florida, USA. May 11–15, 2008. pp. 797-806. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE16-48359
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