It’s very important to estimate the mass and radiotoxicity of isotopes in spent fuel of thorium fuel cycle, which will benefit the application of the thorium fuel. Much research work has been done on the spent fuel and radioactivity of thorium-based fuel before, yet the difference in usage is always ignored. This paper studies the raise of isotopes in spent fuel of thorium-based fuel cycle in pressurized water reactors and fast neutron reactors, focus on the radioactivity level of actinides and fission products, the important nuclides which have long term radiological impact or give the highest contribution to the total dose on short term after different decay periods. The paper discuss the important nuclides in the measurement of thorium fuel burnup, the conclusion will benefit the actual application of thorium fuel.

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