Carbon steel is considered in Japan the candidate material for overpacks in high-level radioactive waste disposal. Effects of bicarbonate solutions on the corrosion behavior and corrosion products of carbon steel were investigated by electrochemical measurements, FT-IR and XRD analyses. The anodic polarization measurements showed that bicarbonate ions (HCO3−) accelerated the anodic dissolution and the outer layer film formation of carbon steel in the case of high concentrations, on the other hand, it inhibited these processes in the case of low concentrations. The FT-IR and XRD analyses of the anodized film showed that siderite (FeCO3) was formed in 0.5 to 1.0mol/L bicarbonate solution, and Fe2(OH)2CO3 in 0.1 to 0.2mol/L bicarbonate solution, while Fe6(OH)12CO3 was formed in 0.02 to 0.05mol/L bicarbonate solutions. The stability of these corrosion products was able to be explained by using the actual potential – pH diagrams for the Fe-H2O-CO2 system.

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