A multi-beam pulse ultrasonic Doppler method has been developed for a new type of flow metering system. This new system is a hybrid of the time-of-flight type ultrasonic flowmeter and the ultrasonic velocity profile type flowmeter, having the advantages of these two types. Our final purpose is to apply the hybrid ultrasonic flow metering system to an accurate flow rate measurement of feed- or recirculation- water in nuclear power plants. The pulse ultrasonic Doppler method (UDM) has the capability to obtain instantaneous velocity profiles along an ultrasonic beam. The principle of the UDM flowmeter, which is one of the ultrasonic velocity profile type flowmeters, is based on the integration of an instantaneous velocity profile over a pipe diameter. The multi-beam system is expected to eliminate installation problems such as those of entry length, and also to follow transient flow rate more precisely by increasing the number of ultrasonic transducers. However, it needs reflectors for receiving ultrasonic Doppler signals. On the other hand, the time-of-flight (TOF) ultrasonic flow metering system does not need any reflector, but it needs profile factors (PFs) which depend on velocity profiles. PF is one of the important experimental coefficients for the accurate flow rate measurement. Therefore PFs must be corrected according to the changes in flow conditions. In the present study, we investigated to what degree the hybrid ultrasonic flow metering system can adjust the profile factors of the time-of-flight ultrasonic flow meters by using the multi-beam pulse ultrasonic Doppler method in metallic wall piping.
Development of Pulse Ultrasonic Doppler Method for Flow Rate Measurements of Power Plant: Characteristics of Sound Pressure Distributions and Evaluation of the Hybrid Ultrasonic Flowmetering System Using TOF and UDM
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Kikura, H, Inoue, Y, Aritomi, M, & Mori, M. "Development of Pulse Ultrasonic Doppler Method for Flow Rate Measurements of Power Plant: Characteristics of Sound Pressure Distributions and Evaluation of the Hybrid Ultrasonic Flowmetering System Using TOF and UDM." Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Thermal Hydraulics. Miami, Florida, USA. July 17–20, 2006. pp. 731-738. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89695
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