Waves on a liquid-lithium jet flow, simulating a proposed high-energy beam target design, have been measured using an optical technique based on specular reflection of a single laser beam on the jet surface. The streamwise and spanwise fluctuations of the local free-surface slope were least-square fitted with a sinusoidal curve to makeup the signals lost due to the constriction in the optical arrangement. The waveform was estimated with an assumption that wave phase speed can be calculated using the dispersion relation for linear capillary-gravity waves. The direction of propagation on the jet surface was also evaluated so that the wave amplitudes, calculated by integral of slope angle signal, agree consistently in streamwise and spanwise direction. These measurements and analyses show that the waves at the measurement location for a jet velocity of 1.2 m/s can best be represented by oblique waves with an inclination of 1.23 rad, a wavelength of 3.8 mm and a wave amplitude of about 0.05 mm.
Two-Dimensional Optical Measurement of Waves on Liquid Lithium Jet Simulating IFMIF Target Flow
Itoh, K, Itoh, T, Kukita, Y, Koterazawa, H, Kondo, H, Yamaoka, N, Horiike, H, Ida, M, Nakamura, H, Nakamura, H, & Muroga, T. "Two-Dimensional Optical Measurement of Waves on Liquid Lithium Jet Simulating IFMIF Target Flow." Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Thermal Hydraulics. Miami, Florida, USA. July 17–20, 2006. pp. 463-468. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89437
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