A generic investigation of the influence of density differences between the primary loop inventory and the ECC water on the mixing in the downcomer was made at the ROCOM Mixing Test Facility at Forschungszentrum Rossendorf (FZR)/Germany. ROCOM is designed for experimental coolant mixing studies over a wide variety of possible scenarios. It is equipped with advanced instrumentation, which delivers high-resolution information characterizing either temperature or boron concentration fields in the investigated pressurized water reactor. For the validation of the Trio_U code an experiment with 5% constant flow rate in one loop (magnitude of natural circulation) and 10% density difference between ECC and loop water was taken. Trio_U is a CFD code developed by the CEA France, aimed to supply an efficient computational tool to simulate transient thermal-hydraulic single-phase turbulent flows encountered in the nuclear systems as well as in the industrial processes. For this study a LES approach was used for mesh sizes according to between 300000–2 million control volumes. The results of the experiment as well as of the numerical calculations show, that a streak formation of the water with higher density is observed. At the upper sensor, the ECC water covers a small azimuthal sector. The density difference partly suppresses the propagation of the ECC water in circumferential direction. The ECC water falls down in an almost straight streamline and reaches the lower downcomer sensor position directly below the affected inlet nozzle. Only later, coolant containing ECC water appears at the opposite side of the downcomer. The study showed, that density effects play an important role during natural convection with ECC injection in pressurized water reactors. Furthermore it was important to point out, that Trio_U is able to cope the main flow and mixing phenomena.

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