In this paper, the three-dimensional (3D) structures of a micellar solution flow in the curvilinear microchannel have been investigated by means of confocal micro particle image velocimetry (PIV). The working fluid is aqueous solution of CTAC/NaSal (cetyltrimethylammonium / Sodium Salysilate). As the flow rate increases, the flow gradually gets into the irregular motion. It is found that the inside flow seems not completely chaotic, but in a manner of oscillation. To be specific, the flow nonlinearity grows as the flow rate increases, the inside flow shows different structures near the wall region and in the bulk due to the elongation of viscoelastic surfactant. Typically, two sub-streams were twisted together, and their flow directions change at the locations where the signs of geometric curvature change. The oscillation stripes represented the area of high extensional stress in the viscoelastic fluid, and were further identified by using polarized high-speed camera. Moreover, statistics shows that the viscoelastic flow field inside the curved microchannel shares the main features of elastic turbulence.

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