Dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) have been widely used for the simulations of dynamics of both simple and complex fluids at nano/micro scales. In these simulations, periodic boundaries are usually employed in the main flow direction and the characterization of the flow and heat transfer is based on fully developed conditions. In the real nano/micro-fluidic devices, however, there are entrances and exits and the flow and temperature fields are not the same at different positions, making the periodic boundary conditions ill-suited due to problems with conservation of energy and momentum. This is the motivation of the present study to generate the non-periodic boundary condition having an entrance and an exit in the the DPD system and study the heat transfer characteristics in the entrance region. In this study, the entrance and exit regions are modelled for simulations of the flow in a parallel-plate channel based on the available methodology originally introduced for molecular dynamics. In this methodology, a body force acts on the DPD particles at the entrance region of the solution domain to generate the entrance region. This is region is so-called pump region. Also, a region to initiate the DPDe temperature was located followed by the pump region. Forced convection heat transfer of water flowing through a parallel-plate channel with constant wall temperature was simulated using this method. The simulations were implemented for different body forces in the pump region. The results were evaluated in terms of velocity, temperature and number density distributions in the channel and showed the effects of the compressibility of the DPD fluid and random movement (or Brownian motion). In addition, the Reynolds and Nusselt numbers were calculated to investigate their effects on the heat transfer characteristics at the entrance region.

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