The non-mechanical valvular conduit, which uses no moving parts but instead relies on a complex geometry to regulate flow, is studied through a combination of numerical, computational and experimental methods. This study is based on using water as the fluid at standard state properties. A numerical model is developed to evaluate the effectiveness of the non-mechanical valve’s intricate geometry. Then computational simulations of the oscillating/pumping sequence of the valvular conduit are conducted to examine the effectiveness of the valve when placed in use for a diaphragm pump.
Results demonstrate that the non-mechanical valvular conduit can be an effective application for a diaphragm pump at the micro or macro-scale without requiring valvular mechanics. In computational simulations, when non-mechanical valves are positioned at both the inlet and exit of a diaphragm, the positive circulation of fluid is enhanced by 38% which is sufficient to meet the thermal dissipation requirements of an Intel Pentium D processor (i.e. 130 W). In addition, the experimental results in steady state condition demonstrated that the valvular design regulates the flow direction by producing diodicity (a measure of favorable flow direction) of 2.44.