The liquid-gas two-phase flow in a flow-focusing device are numerically investigated and the results are compared with experimental data. The geometries and the structured meshes were generated using the Gridgen software, while the computations were conducted with Fluent. N2 (disperse phase) and Water-Glycerol solution (continuous phase) at standard atmospheric conditions are considered as fluids. Based on dimensional analysis, the effects of various parameters such as the flow rates of both phases (effect of CQ = Qd/Qc), the viscosities of both phases (effect of the respective Reynolds number Re), the surface tension (effect of the capillary number) and the geometrical properties of the channel (channel width W and injection angle β) on the bubble formation and its length are compared to available experimental results. The break-up mechanism of the bubbles in various capillary regimes is explained. The computed length of the generated bubbles as a function of the capillary number (varying the flow rate of the continuous phase) are in good agreement with the experiments. Further studies indicate that at a constant flow rate of the continuous phase, the bubble length rises strongly as the flow rate of the disperse phase increases. In contrast, the relative effects of the viscosity and the surface tension on the length of the bubbles are moderate. The numerical results using various injection angles show that the bubble length increases, as the injection angle is raised from β = 45° to β = 90°.

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