In this paper, a numerical study of two new designs of passive micro-mixers based on chaotic advection is presented. The advection phenomenon in a T-shaped micro-mixer is enhanced using a segmented gas-liquid flow; and a peripheral/axial mixing mechanism. The simulations are performed for two non-reactive miscible gases: oxygen and methanol. The numerical model employed for this study is based on the solution of the physical governing equations namely the continuity, momentum, species transport and an equation to track the free surface development. The equations are discretized using a control volume numerical technique. The distribution of the species concentration within the domain is calculated based on which a mixing intensity factor is introduced. This factor is then used as a criterion for the mixing length. In the first micro-mixer design with a drop injection mechanism for a typical condition, the mixing length is reduced by nearly 15%. Compared to that of a simple T-shaped micro-mixer with the same flow rates, the two gases interface area is increased in axisymmetric micro-mixer leading to an increase of the mixing efficiency and a reduction of the mixing length. Also, the effects of the baffles height and span on the mixing efficiency and length in axisymmetric micro-mixer are studied. Having baffles in the channel can substantially decrease the mixing length.
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Simulation of Two Designs of Micro-Mixers With Enhanced Advection Mechanisms
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Kazemi, SA, Passandideh-Fard, M, & Esmaeelpanah, J. "Simulation of Two Designs of Micro-Mixers With Enhanced Advection Mechanisms." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 9th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. ASME 2011 9th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, Volume 2. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. June 19–22, 2011. pp. 125-134. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2011-58059
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