The aim of this work is to investigate numerically the mass transfer characteristics in a Taylor flow microchannel reactor. Previous attempts to model gas-liquid mass transfer in microchannels have mainly been done by the unit cell based models. Limitations of this approach are its incapability to account for the mass transfer in the inlet mixing region and the dependence on empirical data to define the unit cell geometry. The present work attempts to overcome both these shortcomings by adopting a purely numerical approach to model the mass transfer in a Taylor flow microreactor. A finite-element implementation of the phase field method was used to predict the hydrodynamics of the two-phase flow The flow pattern obtained was used to define the computational domain to model the mass transfer. The reaction system of CO2 absorption into aqueous NaOH solution was considered for gas superficial velocities ranging from 0.09 to 0.25 m/s with the liquid phase superficial velocities ranging from 0.02 to 0.21 m/s. Channels with hydraulic diameters ranging from 100 μm to 500 μm were considered with flow focusing and cross flow types of inlet configuration. The effect of channel length was also studied by varying the residence time in the transient simulation. Results suggest that the conventional unit cell based approaches which do not model the inlet mixing region could over predict the mass transfer by up to 16%. Smaller diameter channels were found to have improved mass transfer characteristics. This was found to be further enhanced by higher concentration levels of the liquid reactant and higher temperatures. The channel wall wettability was found to negligibly affect the mass transfer characteristics. The predictions from the present model were compared with experimental data as well as with predictions of the unit cell based model and a good agreement was obtained with both models.
- Heat Transfer Division
Numerical Simulation of Mass Transfer Characteristics in a Taylor Flow Microreactor
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Ganapathy, H, Al-Hajri, E, & Ohadi, MM. "Numerical Simulation of Mass Transfer Characteristics in a Taylor Flow Microreactor." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 9th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. ASME 2011 9th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, Volume 1. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. June 19–22, 2011. pp. 685-695. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2011-58155
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