Capillary isoelectric focusing (CIEF) is a high-resolution capillary electrophoresis (CE) technique for separating zwitterionic biomolecules, such as proteins and peptides. In this method, by generating a stable pH gradient along the length of the capillary and under the influence of a constant electric field, samples can be separated according to their different isoelectric points (pI). For identifying the focused zones in CIEF, the whole column imaging detection (WCID) is more reliable than any other single point detection methods since it avoids the need of focused peak mobilization, presenting several advantages such as lower detection time, minimized peak dispersion and consequently higher resolution. Capillary-based IEF-WCID has been invented by Convergent Bioscience Inc. (iCE280 analyzer) for separation of proteins and biomarkers [1–2]. In the iCE280 analyzer, hollow fibers are glued to the capillary to separate electrolytes from the samples and a metal slit with a 65 μm opening is glued to the top of the capillary to improve detection sensitivity by blocking stray light. However, this method has several limitations because of the use of capillary such as low throughput, difficulty to be integrated with other separation modes and low detection sensitivity.
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Integration of a PDMS/SU-8/Quartz Microfluidic Chip With a Novel Macroporous Poly Dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Membrane for Isoelectric Focusing of Proteins Using Whole-Channel Imaging Detection
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Shameli, SM, Elbuken, C, Ren, CL, & Pawliszyn, J. "Integration of a PDMS/SU-8/Quartz Microfluidic Chip With a Novel Macroporous Poly Dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Membrane for Isoelectric Focusing of Proteins Using Whole-Channel Imaging Detection." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting. ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels: Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 1–5, 2010. pp. 905-906. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30805
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