Electrokinetic transport phenomena, such as electroosmosis, streaming potential, electrophoresis, and sedimentation potential, are central to many micro- and nano-channel flows. During continuum modeling of such phenomena, incorporation of the electrical body force term can make the fluid momentum conservation equation highly non-linear. This non-linearity is often ignored in small-scale electrokinetic flow modeling because of our implicit reliance on the linearity of the Stokes equations for low Reynolds number flows. In this paper, ramifications of this non-linear Stokes equation in electrokinetic flows will be described with examples of our recent studies on pressure driven flows through porous media for electrokinetic power generation, electroosmotic flow of charged entities in nanochannels, and flow of DNA through self-assembled porous media under pulsed electric fields.

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