The flow properties and dynamical behavior of fluid in a nanochannel were investigated by nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation. First of all, the locale distribution of molecules in the channel is found to be strongly inhomogeneous compared to the bulk fluid. In the vicinity of the wall, portion of the fluid molecules are absorbed on the surface of wall due to the strong interaction of the atoms between the wall and liquid, so that the fluid density in the contact region would be much larger than one of the bulk fluid. But in the other region, the local density value approaches one of the bulk fluids with the increasing distance from the wall. This oscillatory behavior of density resulted in different motion behavior of molecules in the different region of nanochannel. The molecular behavior in the interfacial region is remarkably different from those of fluid atoms in the center of channel and wall atoms, which posses both the motion properties of bulk liquids and a solid atom. At the molecular level, macroscopic continuum hypothesis failed, that is, the results predicted by the Navier-Stoke equations deviate from the simulation data adopted by molecular dynamics simulation. In the paper, the velocity profiles for the channels with different width were plotted, which demonstrated that the time-averaged velocity profiles was not quadratic when the channel width was less than 10 molecular diameters. But on the other cases, the velocity profiles will agree well with the analytical solution based on the NS theory. The molecular dynamics simulation method can withdraw the important microscopical information from the simulation process, which benefit to analyze the flow mechanism at such length scale channel.

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