This paper presents an investigation for two types of the grooves (rectangular and arc shapes) fabricated in the microchannel surfaces which leads to enhancement in single phase cooling. The pressure drop and heat transfer characteristic of the single phase microchannel heat sink were investigated numerically for laminar flow. For this purpose the conjugate heat transfer problem involving simultaneous determination of the temperature field in both solid and liquid regions was solved numerically. The heat sink includes an array of rectangular microchannels with grooved surface structures in the side walls and floor of the channel. The effect of these grooves on the pressure drop, outlet temperature of cooling fluid and the heat transfer rate were analyzed. The result showed that using a microchannel with grooved surfaces has a noticeable effect and heat removal rate can be increased using this technique. Also the grooves with the arc shapes have a better performance compared with a rectangular shape groove.

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