Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are gaining popularity as a replacement to the internal combustion engine in automobiles. This application will demand high levels of performance from the fuel cell making it critical that proper water management is maintained. One of the areas of interest in water management is the transport of water through the Gas Diffusion Medium (GDM) on the cathode side of the cell. Research is currently being conducted to understand how water moves through the porous structure of the GDM. Due to the small scale of the GDM, most work done is analytical modeling. This paper will focus on reviewing current models for water transport within the GDM of a PEM fuel cell to address state of the art and provide recommendations for future work to extend current models.

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