The effects of viscous dissipation and temperature dependent viscosity in simultaneously developing laminar flows of liquids in straight microchannels of circular cross-section are studied with reference to convective boundary conditions. Viscosity is assumed to vary linearly with temperature, in order to allow a parametric investigation, while the other fluid properties are held constant. A finite element procedure, based on a projection algorithm, is employed for the step-by-step solution of the parabolized momentum and energy equations. Axial distributions of the local overall Nusselt number and of the apparent Fanning friction factor are presented with reference to both heating and cooling conditions for three different values of the Biot number. Examples of temperature profiles at different axial locations are also shown.

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