The understanding of the flow processes in microchannels and micro mixers is essential for the design of micro fluidic devices like micro reactors or analytical equipment. We have performed a systematic numerical CFD-study of mixing and mass transfer in sharp 90° bends and heat transfer in T-joints to obtain a detailed insight into the flow patterns and corresponding transfer processes in a wide range of Reynolds numbers. With increasing flow velocity the straight laminar flow starts to form symmetrical vortices in the bend, at the entrance of the mixing channel, and in T-joints. The vortices enhance the transport processes like heat and mass transfer in the channels significantly. The influence of the geometry and the flow conditions is shown by an analytical estimation of the relevant forces. The appearance of convective transport processes is used for the definition of microflows which are controlled by viscous forces and diffusive transfer processes.

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