In order to meet future emissions regulations, new combustion concepts are being developed. Among them, the development of low-temperature diesel combustion systems has received considerable attention. Low NOx emissions are achieved through minimization of peak temperatures occurring during the combustion process. Concurrently, soot formation is inhibited due to a combination of low combustion temperatures and extensive fuel-air pre-mixing. In this study, the effect of late-cycle mixing enhancement by post injection strategies on combustion and engine-out emissions in the low-temperature combustion regime was investigated experimentally and numerically. The baseline operating condition considered for low-temperature combustion was 1500 rev/min, 3bar IMEP with 50% EGR rate, and extension to high loads was considered by means of post injection. Post injection strategies gave very favorable emission results in the low temperature combustion regime at all loads. With small second fuel injected amounts, better soot emissions were found. However, the determination of the dwell between the injections was found to be very important for the emissions. Since post injection leads to late-cycle mixing improvement, further reductions in soot emissions were achieved without deteriorating the NOx emissions. To explain these results, numerical analysis was also done using the KIVA-CHEMKIN code. The simulations show that optimal combustion requires that the post injection fuel avoid fuel rich regions formed from the main injection.

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