Many methodologies have been developed in the past for misfire detection purposes based on the analysis of the instantaneous engine speed. The missing combustion is usually detected thanks to the sudden engine speed decrease that takes place after a misfire event. Misfire detection and in particular cylinder isolation is anyhow still a challenging issue for engines with a high number of cylinders, for engine operating conditions at low load or high engine speed and for multiple misfire events. When a misfire event takes place in fact a torsional vibration is excited and shows up in the instantaneous engine speed waveform. If a multiple misfire occurs this torsional vibration is excited more than once in a very short time interval. The interaction among these successive vibrations can generate false alarms or misdetection, and an increased complexity when dealing with cylinder isolation. The paper presents the development of a powertrain torsional behavior model in order to identify the effects of a misfire event on the instantaneous engine speed signal. The identified waveform has then been used to filter out the torsional vibration effects in order to enlighten the missing combustions even in the case of multiple misfire events. The model response is also used to quicken the setup process for the detection algorithm employed, evaluating before running specific experimental tests on a test bench facility, the values for the threshold and the optimal setup of the procedure. The proposed algorithm is developed in this paper for an SI L4 engine; Its application to other engine configurations is possible, as it is also discussed in the paper.

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