On the basis of a control-oriented mean-value model of a spark-ignition engine supercharged with a pressure-wave supercharger, this paper introduces an operation strategy which minimizes the torque response time to driver commands. Since in pressure-wave superchargers fresh air and exhaust gas are in direct contact in the cell wheel, unwanted and excessive exhaust gas recirculation over the pressure-wave supercharger has to be limited by appropriate control actions. The most critical situation arises when large amounts of exhaust gas are recirculated during a hard acceleration, which causes the engine torque to drop sharply and thus to severely affect driveability. In order to prevent such situations, a set of actuators (throttles, valves, etc.) has to be controlled in a coordinated way. Conventional strategies cause the actuators to be closed at a fairly slow, steady rate. Our investigations show that driveability can be improved with a somewhat more complex strategy.

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