On the basis of a control-oriented mean-value model of a spark-ignition engine supercharged with a pressure-wave supercharger, this paper introduces an operation strategy which minimizes the torque response time to driver commands. Since in pressure-wave superchargers fresh air and exhaust gas are in direct contact in the cell wheel, unwanted and excessive exhaust gas recirculation over the pressure-wave supercharger has to be limited by appropriate control actions. The most critical situation arises when large amounts of exhaust gas are recirculated during a hard acceleration, which causes the engine torque to drop sharply and thus to severely affect driveability. In order to prevent such situations, a set of actuators (throttles, valves, etc.) has to be controlled in a coordinated way. Conventional strategies cause the actuators to be closed at a fairly slow, steady rate. Our investigations show that driveability can be improved with a somewhat more complex strategy.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Optimal Control Strategy for a Pressure-Wave Supercharged SI Engine
Spring, P, Guzzella, L, & Onder, CH. "Optimal Control Strategy for a Pressure-Wave Supercharged SI Engine." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference. Design, Application, Performance and Emissions of Modern Internal Combustion Engine Systems and Components. Salzburg, Austria. May 11–14, 2003. pp. 461-468. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICES2003-0645
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