The present work deals with the first researches into the real capabilities of an electronically controlled injector for common rail systems in realizing a proper shaping of the fuel rate with particular reference to its rising profile. Injectors equipped with standard and geometrically modified control valves have been investigated in detail by means of computer modeling and simulation. Experiments have been carried out in order to validate the feasibility of such a shaping and the injection rate meter based on the method proposed by Bosch was used. The main result of this work is a noteworthy dependence of the fuel rate on geometrical modifications in the piloting stage of the injector, since a certain difference in the slope of the first part of the fuel rate has been attained. The injector model has been finally used to investigate further geometrical modifications to be realized in order to achieve the desired fuel rate shaping.

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