In this paper, some basic properties of homogeneous charge compression ignition operation are investigated. The HCCI operating range for a CFR engine was determined with n-butane as fuel. The minimum and maximum load was determined using criteria of covariance of indicated mean effective pressure and the derivative of in-cylinder pressure respectively. Exhaust emissions, particularly hydrocarbons, were measured using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The concentration of intermediate hydrocarbon species rapidly decreased as the magnitude of the heat release increased. Hydrocarbon emission at the maximum HCCI load mainly consists of the fuel itself, which is probably emitted from colder areas in the combustion chamber. The relation between IMEPCOV and ISFC is discussed.