An experimental investigation has been carried out to study the effects of using water / diesel emulsion fuel in an indirect injection diesel engine on the heat flux crossing liner and cylinder head, thermal loading and metal temperature distribution. A single cylinder precombustion chamber diesel engine has been used in the present work. The engine was instrumented for performance, metal temperature and heat flux measurements. The pure gas oil fuel and different ratios of water / diesel emulsion were used and their effects on the heat flux level and the injector tip temperature are studied. Two correlation were found for the heat flux crossing the liner and the cylinder head at various water / diesel emulsion ratios, fuelling rate and thermocouple probe locations. It was found that the addition of water to diesel fuel, to control the nitrogen oxides emissions, has great influence on reducing die heat flux, the metal temperatures and thermal loading of combustion chamber components.

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