The Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan stipulates that “When closing a waste disposal site, the validity of safety assessment results should be verified using the data obtained in the construction and operation phases as well. The retrieval of high-level radioactive waste should be made continuously possible during the period before the verification of the validity.” Retrieving high-level radioactive waste requires the removal of the bentonite-based buffer around the emplaced overpack. In this study, focus was placed on a method for reducing the cohesion of bentonite, a major component of the buffer by dipping the buffer in fluid salt solution and dissolving the material into a slurry using fluid salt solution for removal (method of making a slurry). In order to examine the feasibility and the basic characteristics of the method, element tests were conducted using a small specimen of buffer and fluid salt solution (NaCl solution). In order to verify the feasibility of the infiltration and jetting of fluid salt solution, small-scale model tests were conducted using a specimen composed of 1/14-scale overpack and buffer. It was made clear that the infiltration and jetting of fluid salt solution was feasible as a method for removing a buffer.
- Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
Design Options for HLW Repository Operation Technology: Part V—Preliminary Study and Small Scale Experiments on the Method of Removal of Buffer Material With Salt Solution
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Toguri, S, Ishii, T, Jang, J, Okihara, M, Iwasa, K, Nakashima, H, & Asano, H. "Design Options for HLW Repository Operation Technology: Part V—Preliminary Study and Small Scale Experiments on the Method of Removal of Buffer Material With Salt Solution." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management. ASME 2010 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 2. Tsukuba, Japan. October 3–7, 2010. pp. 481-490. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEM2010-40254
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