In order to prepare simulated reference materials of solidified products using a laboratory-scale electric furnace instead of a plasma heating device, melting tests of miscellaneous simulated solid wastes were conducted. Over 90% of Cs was remained in the solidified product by keeping the basicity (CaO wt%/SiO2 wt%) to be 0.05. Under the optimum melting conditions, reference materials containing α-ray emitting nuclides (237Np, 241Am and 244Cm) or γ-ray emitting nuclides (60Co, 137Cs and 152Eu) were prepared. For reference materials containing β-ray emitting nuclides such as 14C and 36Cl, a preparation method with nuclear reaction 14N(n, p)14C or 35Cl(n, γ)36Cl by thermal neutron irradiation was attempted. The radioactivity concentrations of the reference materials were evaluated from radiochemical analysis. It was confirmed that the reference materials could be successfully prepared on the present preparation methods.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.