Within the framework of the “Co-ordination Network on Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations Project (2005–2008)” funded by the European Community a first edition of EURSSEM has been developed to promote common understanding of key issues in the development of a strategy, implementation and execution of a programme to remediate radioactively contaminated sites. The objective of EURSSEM is to describe and provide a consistent consensus information and guidance on strategy, planning, implementation and execution of stakeholder involvement, performing, and assessing radiological soil surface and groundwater (final) status surveys to meet established dose- or risk-based release criteria, and/or remediation, restoration, reuse and stewardship objectives, while at the same time encouraging effective use of human, raw material and financial resources. To be able to provide a consistent guidance and leading practices to involved participants (stakeholders) in a remediation programme for radioactively contaminated sites, an extensive literature study has been performed to collect important documents that have been produced in this field by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the SAFEGROUNDS Learning Network, Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM) and other national and international institutes. EURSSEM incorporates information provided in those and other documents to conduct all actions at radioactively contaminated and potentially radioactively contaminated sites and/or groundwater up to their release for restricted or unrestricted (re)use. Brief descriptions are provided about the background and the need for a document like EURSSEM, about key issues like stakeholder involvement and archiving for future referencing including the follow-up of the further development of EURSSEM.

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