Murataite-based ceramics containing 10 wt.% either UO2 or ThO2 were produced by inductive cold crucible melting (ICCM) at operating frequencies of 1.76 MHz and 5.28 MHz and examined using X-ray diffraction and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. High specific productivity was achieved. Average melting ratio was 8.3 kW×h/kg. We identified three distinct murataite polytypes in the U-bearing ceramics: a five- (5C), eight- (8C), and three-fold (3C) fluorite unit cell composing respectively the core, intermediate and rim zones of the grains. In contrast, in the Th-bearing ceramic one of the polytypes with eight-fold (8C) fluorite unit cell was found to be prevailing over two others (5C and 3C). Computer simulation of the major reflection due to the murataite phase in the Th-bearing sample also exhibits superposition of peaks due to three distinct polytypes but one of them (8C) is predominant. The core zone of the murataite in the U-bearing specimens is characterized by UO2 concentrations as high as 12.1 wt%, which successively diminishes in concentration through the intermediate zone to the rim, the latter of which contains 5.2 wt% UO2. Thorium distribution within the murataite crystals is more uniform. The other phases found in the ceramics are crichtonite, rutile and traces of perovskite, Fe/Mn titanate ilmenite/pyrophanite, zirconolite, and vitreous phase. The difference in phase composition and actinide partitioning in the ceramics is influenced by synthesis conditions. Thus, application of large-scale cold crucibles is a prospective route for the development of industrial-scale process and technology for ceramization of actinide-bearing HLW. The advantage of this method is production of zoned crystals with the highest concentrations of actinides and rare earth elements in the core, effectively isolating these elements from potential leach solutions.
- Nuclear Division and Environmental Engineering Division
Inductive Cold Crucible Melting and Characterization of Uranium and Thorium Bearing Murataite Ceramics
Knyazev, OA, Ptashkin, AG, Stefanovsky, SV, Zen’kovskaya, MA, Yudintsev, SV, Nikonov, BS, & Stefanovsky, OI. "Inductive Cold Crucible Melting and Characterization of Uranium and Thorium Bearing Murataite Ceramics." Proceedings of the The 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management. 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Parts A and B. Bruges, Belgium. September 2–6, 2007. pp. 1047-1053. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEM2007-7126
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