Governments and the nuclear sector realize more and more the importance of waste characterization in the end cycle.
Several methods are available for radiological characterization. Each method has his advantages and disadvantages in regard to the definition of the operational range based on the waste characteristics and the knowledge of the waste.
The decision on what technique(s) to be used will be based on the required precision, accuracy, detection limit and isotopes to be declared for a certain purpose and on the related costs.
Recently Belgoprocess, the Belgian waste treatment facility, has performed large efforts and investments to assure a good waste characterization.