Emission controls in stationary gas engines have required significant modifications to the fuel injection and combustion processes. One approach has been the use of high-pressure fuel injection to improve fuel-air mixing. The objective of this study is to simulate numerically the injection of gaseous fuel at high pressure in a large-bore two-stroke engine. Existing combustion chamber geometry is modeled together with proposed valve geometry. The StarCD® fluid dynamics code is used for the simulations, using appropriate turbulence models. High-pressure injection of up to 500 psig methane into cylinder air initially at 25 psig is simulated with the valve opened instantaneously and piston position frozen at the 60 degrees ABDC position. Fuel flow rate across the valve throat varies with the instantaneous pressure but attains a steady state in approximately 22 ms. As expected with the throat shape and pressures, the flow becomes supersonic past the choked valve gap, but returns to a subsonic state upon deflection by a shroud that successfully directs the flow more centrally. This indicates the need for careful shroud design to direct the flow without significant deceleration. Pressures below 300 psig were not effective with the proposed valve geometry. A persistent re-circulation zone is observed immediately below the valve, where it does not help promote mixing.

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