In multi hole Diesel injectors, cavitation can offer advantages in the development on the fuel spray, because the primary atomization of the liquid fuel jet can be improved due to the enhanced turbulence. Several multi dimensional models of cavitating nozzle flow have been developed in order to provide information about the flow at the exit of a cavitating orifice. In this paper an analytical one-dimensional model, by Sarre et al. [1], to predict the flow conditions at the exit of a cavitating nozzle, is analyzed. The results obtained are compared with the ones obtained using the multi dimensional code Fluent in order to investigate the predictive capability of the one-dimensional code. The model provides initial conditions for multidimensional spray modeling: the effective injection velocity and the initial drop or injected liquid ‘blob’ size. The simulations were performed using an improved version of the KIVA3V code, in which an hybrid break up model, developed by the authors, is used and the results in terms of penetrations and global SMD are compared with the experimental ones. The one dimensional model predicts reasonable discharge coefficient for sharp injector geometry. Where the r/d ratio increases and the cavitation effects appear not clearly marked there are same discrepancies between the one dimensional and the multidimensional approach.

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