A kinetic model for NOx production has been developed to predict NOx emissions. The reaction scheme is a modified super-extended Zel’dovich mechanism (SEZM), which includes 43 reactions and 20 species instead of just the three reactions typically used in the extended Zel’dovich mechanism. The NOx emissions predicted by both mechanisms are compared using two separate models. First, a theoretical investigation of the two mechanisms is made for an SI engine using prescribed temperature and pressure histories. Then each of the two mechanisms is combined with a phenomenological combustion model for a single-cylinder Caterpillar 3400 series diesel engine to calculate the NOx emissions. The predictions from both mechanisms are compared with experimental results. It is shown that the SEZM can predict NOx emissions more accurately than the extended Zel’dovich mechanism. Results show that the SEZM increases the predicted NOx by about 25 percent. The difference between the two models is more pronounced for lean combustion, in which NO2 and NH play an important role in the NOx formation. In addition, the effects of several parameters on diesel engine NOx production are investigated. The super-extended Zel’dovich mechanism for NOx formation is expected to be more appropriate for lean combustion, such as in diesel or natural gas engines and other engines that typically operate at lean conditions.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division and Rail Transportation Division
Modeling of NOx Emissions Using a Super-Extended Zel’dovich Mechanism
Yang, H, Krishnan, SR, Srinivasan, KK, & Midkiff, KC. "Modeling of NOx Emissions Using a Super-Extended Zel’dovich Mechanism." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 Internal Combustion Engine and Rail Transportation Divisions Fall Technical Conference. Design and Control of Diesel and Natural Gas Engines for Industrial and Rail Transportation Applications. Erie, Pennsylvania, USA. September 7–10, 2003. pp. 121-128. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2003-0713
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