Abstract

Research was conducted to observe the correlation of ignition delay, combustion delay, the negative temperature coefficient region (NTCR), and the low temperature heat release region (LTHR), in a constant volume combustion chamber (CVCC) in relation to blended amounts of iso-paraffinic kerosene (IPK) by mass with Jet-A and their derived cetane numbers (DCN). The study utilizes the ASTM standard D7668-14.a in a PAC CID 510 CVCC. The DCN was calculated using the ignition delay and combustion delay measured over 15 combustion events. The fuel blends investigated were 75%Jet-A blended with 25%IPK, 50%Jet-A with 50%IPK, 25%Jet-A with 75%IPK, neat Jet-A, and neat IPK. The ignition delay of neat Jet-A and IPK was found to be 3.26ms and 5.31ms, respectively, and the combustion delay of the fuels were 5.00ms and 17.17 ms, respectively. The ignition delay for 75Jet-A25IPK, 50Jet-A50IPK, 25Jet-A75IPK, fuel blends were found to be 3.5ms, 3.8ms, and 4.2ms, respectively. The combustion delay between the 75Jet-A25IPK, 50Jet-A50IPK, 25Jet-A75IPK, blends are 5.8ms, 7.0ms, and 9.4ms, respectively. The DCNs for 75Jet-A25IPK, 50Jet-A50IPK, 25Jet-A75IPK 43.1, 38.7, and 33.5, respectively. The DCN of the fuel blends compared to neat Jet-A was lower by 10.16% for 75Jet-A25IPK, 19.37% for 50Jet-A50IPK, 30.50% for 25Jet-A75IPK and 46.03% for neat IPK. Blends with larger amounts by mass of IPK resulted in extended ignition and combustion delays. It is concluded that the fuels that have larger amounts of IPK blended within them have extended NTC regions, LTHR regions, and decreased ringing intensity during combustion.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.