In-cylinder flow fields make significant impacts on the fuel atomization, fuel mixture formation, and combustion process in spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) engines. In recent years, model-based simulation approaches are preferred in regard to investigating the transient in-cylinder flow field characteristics. Most commonly, the simulation models are validated using single representative flow field at a typical crank angle measured by particle image velocimetry (PIV). However, it provides only limited knowledge about the flow field which is highly three-dimensional and of transient nature. In this study, crank angle-resolved PIV measurements are conducted on three distinct planes inside the cylinder to capture the transient process of flow field characteristics which vary with the crank angle. These three planes consist of one tumble plane through the spark plug tip, one tumble plane along two intake ports, and one swirl plane at 30 mm below the cylinder head. Large eddy simulation (LES) is employed for the numerical computations using the CONVERGE codes. On the basis of large datasets for both temporal and spatial domains, a multi-index systematic validation approach is conducted. Crank angle-resolved calculations of global indices and local indices are implemented using the flow fields velocity data obtained from both PIV and LES on select planes. Global indices reveal the trends in similarities of different crank angle degrees and locations, while local indices give the detail comparison results. In summary, with the systematic multi-index validation approach, the crucial crank angle degrees and locations for model verification will be detected. Furthermore, the corresponding critical flow features are analyzed. Practical guideline of flow field validation is proposed.

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