Turbocharged engines are the standard powertrain type of internal combustion engines for both spark ignition and compression ignition concepts. Turbochargers modeling traditionally rely in look up tables based on turbocharger manufacturer provided maps. These maps as the only secure source of information. They are used both for the matching between reciprocating engine and the turbocharger and for the further engine optimization and performance analysis. In the last years have become evident that only these maps are not being useful for detailed calculation of variables like after-treatment inlet temperature (turbine outlet), intercooler inlet temperature (compressor outlet) and engine BSFC at low loads. This paper shows a comprehensive study that quantifies the errors of using just look up tables compared with a model that accounts for friction losses, heat transfer and gas-dynamics in a turbocharger and in a conjugated way. The study is based in an Euro 5 engine operating in load transient conditions and using a LP-EGR circuit during steady state operation.

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