It is well known that ammonia (NH3) combustion does not produce carbon dioxide (CO2) causing global warming. Therefore, NH3 has received much attention as an alternative diesel fuel for internal combustion engines. On the other hand, it has been reported that the exhaust gas of diesel engine fumigated with NH3 contains unburned NH3 with toxicity for humans and nitrous oxide (N2O) with strong global warming effect. Hence the NH3 and N2O emissions should be reduced to prevent the human health damage and global warming.
The aim of this study was to develop the combustion strategies for reducing the unburned NH3 and N2O emissions on diesel engine fumigated with NH3. The experimental results indicated that the higher temperature combustion of NH3 prevents the N2O production and allows itself to react well. From the numerical simulation results, hydrocarbon combustion decomposes NH3 and N2O in ignition processes.