In this paper, a multidimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model coupled with detailed chemistry calculations was used to analyze dual-fuel combustion based on high pressure direct injection of natural gas. The main focus was to analyze the capability of predicting pressure curve and heat release rate (HRR) for different injection strategies. Zero-dimensional homogeneous constant volume reactor calculations were used to select a reaction mechanism for the temperature range below 800 K. As the best-performing mechanism, the Chalmers mechanism was chosen. To validate the numerical model, the setup was first split into a single gas injection and a single Diesel injection. They were validated individually using shadowgraphs obtained from a Rapid Compression Expansion Machine (RCEM). Diesel ignition timing and position in the combustion chamber were close to experimental results. Gas direct injection showed good agreement with regard to penetration and mixing. In the dual-fuel setup, the injection timing of natural gas was varied to create a first case with mainly diffusive combustion and a second case with mainly premixed combustion of natural gas. For both setups good agreement with pressure curve and heat release rate were achieved. A qualitative comparison of shadowgraphs with the density field highlights the important points to predict dual-fuel combustion.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Predicting Ignition and Combustion of a Pilot Ignited Natural Gas Jet Using Numerical Simulation Based on Detailed Chemistry
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Jud, M, Fink, G, & Sattelmayer, T. "Predicting Ignition and Combustion of a Pilot Ignited Natural Gas Jet Using Numerical Simulation Based on Detailed Chemistry." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Volume 2: Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids; Numerical Simulation; Engine Design and Mechanical Development. Seattle, Washington, USA. October 15–18, 2017. V002T06A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2017-3533
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