A state-of-the-art, grid-convergent simulation methodology was applied to three-dimensional calculations of a single-cylinder optical engine. A mesh resolution study on a sector-based version of the engine geometry further verified the RANS-based cell size recommendations previously presented by Senecal et al. . Convergence of cylinder pressure, flame lift-off length and emissions was achieved for an adaptive mesh refinement cell size of 0.35 mm. Full geometry simulations, using mesh settings derived from the grid convergence study, resulted in excellent agreement with measurements of cylinder pressure, heat release rate and NOx emissions. On the other hand, the full geometry simulations indicated that the flame lift-off length is not converged at 0.35 mm for jets not aligned with the computational mesh. Further simulations suggested that the flame lift-off lengths for both the non-aligned and aligned jets appear to be converged at 0.175 mm. With this increased mesh resolution, both the trends and magnitudes in flame lift-off length were well predicted with the current simulation methodology. Good agreement between the overall predicted flame behavior and the available chemiluminescence measurements was also achieved. The present study indicates that cell-size requirements for accurate prediction of full geometry flame lift-off lengths may be stricter than those for global combustion behavior. This may be important when accurate soot predictions are required.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Predictions of Transient Flame Lift-Off Length With Comparison to Single-Cylinder Optical Engine Experiments
Senecal, PK, Pomraning, E, Anders, JW, Weber, MR, Gehrke, CR, Polonowski, CJ, & Mueller, CJ. "Predictions of Transient Flame Lift-Off Length With Comparison to Single-Cylinder Optical Engine Experiments." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Volume 2: Fuels; Numerical Simulation; Engine Design, Lubrication, and Applications. Dearborn, Michigan, USA. October 13–16, 2013. V002T06A014. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2013-19129
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