When a company designs an engine, mandates by the federal government regarding fuel efficiency, safety and emissions must be met. Consumers demand power, reliability, and creature comforts of the vehicles they choose to purchase. Car manufacturers must meet all of these needs and desires as well as maintain profitability.
The present paper reviews the application of recent advances in IC engines. It covers the four specific areas of (a) Electronic Applications (b) Air Flow Management (c) Fuel Injection / Combustion and (d) Loss Reduction technologies to address the needs of engine performance enhancement. Finally it provides a future direction of the technology for IC engine applications.