A simulation study was performed to evaluate the potential fuel economy benefits of integrating a dual-mode SI-HCCI engine into various vehicle architectures. The vehicle configurations that were considered include a conventional vehicle, a mild parallel hybrid, and a power-split hybrid. The three configurations were modeled and compared in detail for a given engine size (2.0 L for the conventional vehicle, 2.0 L for the mild parallel, and 1.5 L for the power-split) over the EPA UDDS (city) and Highway cycles. The results show that the dual-mode engine in the conventional vehicle offers a modest gain in vehicle fuel economy of approximately 5–7%. The gains were modest due to an advanced 6-speed transmission and a practically-based shift schedule, with which only 30% of the operating points were in the HCCI range for the city cycle and 56% for the highway cycle. The mild parallel hybrid achieved 32% better fuel economy than the conventional vehicle, both with SI engines. For the dual-mode engine in the mild parallel hybrid, a specific control strategy was used to manipulate engine operation in an attempt to minimize the number of engine mode transitions and maximize the time spent in HCCI. The parallel hybrid with the dual-mode engine and modified control strategy provides dramatic improvements of up to 48% in city driving, demonstrating that the addition of HCCI has a more significant effect with parallel hybrids than conventional vehicles. The power-split hybrid simulation showed that adding a dual-mode engine had an insignificant effect on vehicle fuel economy, mostly due to the ability of the planetary gear set to act as an e-CVT and keep the engine at relatively high loads. Finally, a systematic study of engine sizing provides guidelines for selecting the best option for a given vehicle application by characterizing the vehicle level interactions, and their effect on fuel economy, over an engine displacement sweep.

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