High hydrocarbon levels in the exhaust, increased cycle-to-cycle variation and reduced energy-efficiency are typical problems associated with diesel LTC operation. To overcome these challenges, three different fuel injection strategies (late single-injection, early multiple-injections and split-injections) have been investigated on a modified single cylinder common-rail diesel engine. The effects of EGR, boost and injection pressure on the emissions and combustion efficiency have been analyzed. The effect of heavy EGR has been quantified in terms of a trade-off between the combustion phasing and the combustion efficiency. To minimize fuel condensation and wall-wetting with early injections, a criterion for selecting the earliest timing for injection during the compression stroke has also been evaluated. This research is concluded with the formulation of a load management strategy to enable energy-efficient diesel LTC up to 10 bar IMEP.

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