The possibility of multiple-injection in Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) engine allows achieving improved combination of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and smoke emissions. In CRDI engines, the turbulent kinetic energy due to high pressure fuel injection is primarily responsible for fuel air mixing and hence the in-cylinder mixture formation. The air fuel mixing characteristics in the case of multiple-injection are quite different from that of single injection schedule. In this work a zero-dimensional model is proposed for mixing rate calculations with multiple-injection scheduling. The model considers generation and dissipation of in-cylinder turbulence through processes namely fuel injection, air swirl and combustion. The model constants are fine tuned with respect to the data available in existing literature. The model predictions are validated with the available data for the cylinder pressure and heat release rate histories on known single and multiple-injection schedules. These comparisons show good agreement to establish the role of mixing rate variations with multiple-injection. A single set of constants were found to match the cylinder pressure and heat release rate histories for single and multiple-injection from different sources in the literature. Further, the mixing rate and peak temperature predictions of the model are found to relate with the possible effect of specific injection scheduling on emission reductions reported in CRDI engine investigations.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Predicting Mixing Rates in Multiple Injection CRDI Engines
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Rajkumar, S, Bakshi, S, & Mehta, PS. "Predicting Mixing Rates in Multiple Injection CRDI Engines." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Lucerne, Switzerland. September 27–30, 2009. pp. 443-452. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2009-14081
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