Regulatory agencies are becoming increasingly concerned with particulate emissions as the health and environmental effects are becoming better understood. While much research has been performed on diesel engines, little is known about particulate matter (PM) emissions from natural gas internal combustion engines. In this project, tests were conducted on a Waukesha VGF F18 natural gas engine running at full load. PM10 combustion emissions were collected on Teflon and quartz filters and a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) was used to determine the particle size distribution. Tests were performed at 4, 5, 6, and 7% exhaust oxygen (O2) levels. Overall, it was found that a large number of small particles were emitted from this engine. The total mass based PM emissions were found to be 0.0148 gm/bkW-hr, which is slightly greater than the tier-4 nonroad diesel particulate emissions standard. Particle distributions revealed that the geometric mean diameter (GMD) of the natural gas particles was approximately 30 nm and did not change with air to fuel ratio. Particulate concentrations were found to decrease at leaner engine operating conditions. Results showed a strong correlation between the NOx and particle concentrations, while an inverse correlation between CO and particle concentrations was revealed.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Characterization of Particulate Matter Emissions From a 4-Stroke, Lean-Burn, Natural Gas Engine
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Quillen, K, Bennett, M, Volckens, J, & Stanglmaier, RH. "Characterization of Particulate Matter Emissions From a 4-Stroke, Lean-Burn, Natural Gas Engine." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2007 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Charleston, South Carolina, USA. October 14–17, 2007. pp. 447-453. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2007-1648
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