Research investigating direct injection natural gas (DING) diesel engines shows many attractions in engine performance including higher thermal efficiency and higher power output as well as significant improvement of exhaust emissions. However, ignition of injected natural gas is difficult and requires some form of ignition assist, such as a diesel pilot or a glow plug. This paper introduces the experimental apparatus used for compression ignition engine studies in the Engine Research and Development Laboratory (ERDL) at University of Toronto. The apparatus consists of an optically accessible constant volume combustion bomb coupled to a single-cylinder Cooperative Fuel Research (CFR) engine through its spark plug port. The engine provides rapid compression to create realistic engine conditions in the combustion bomb and also scavenges the combustion products. During the engine compression process, the piston pushes the air from the engine cylinder to the constant volume combustion bomb, generating high-pressure, high-temperature initial conditions and a strong swirling air flow in the constant volume combustion bomb. Experiments were conducted to measure temperatures and pressures in the constant volume combustion bomb for a range of initial conditions. The experiments were complemented by numerically modeling the whole domain of the CFR engine cylinder, the constant volume combustion bomb, and the port connecting them using a modified KIVA-3V code. The code computes spatially and temporally resolved pressure, temperature and swirl intensity in the constant volume combustion bomb during the compression process. The experimental and the numerical results are in satisfactory agreement and provide validation of the initial conditions in the constant volume combustion bomb for subsequent studies of injection and ignition.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.