Numerical grid and time-step-dependencies of Discrete Droplet Lagrangian spray models are identified. The two main sources of grid-dependency are due to errors in predicting the droplet-gas relative velocity, and errors in describing droplet-droplet collision and coalescence processes. For reducing grid-dependency due to the relative velocity effects, gas jet theory is proposed and applied to model diesel sprays. For the time-step dependency, it is identified that the collision sub-model results in drop size variation in the standard spray model. A proposed spray model based on the gas-jet theory is found to improve the time-step independency also along with the mesh independency. The use of both Eulerian (collision mesh) and Lagrangian (radius of influence) collision models along with gas-jet theory is found to provide mesh-independent results.

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